Identity. Variations in heritage among most other cultural communities commonly regional however, cultural, personal, and you can linguistic. Native Muslims are called Brunei Malays even though they are not local sound system of one’s Malay language.
Speculations regarding the etymology include derivations about Malay ( baru nah (“here!”), an effective Sanskrit form, in addition to Kelabit label for the Limbang River.
Venue and you will Topography. The original home away from Brunei society ‘s the area inside the financing, Bandar Seri Begawan. Agreements out of Barunay and you can Kadayan also are found along the coasts out-of northern Sarawak and you can southwest Sabah inside the Malaysia; Tutong and Belait settlements are found only into the Brunei. Bisaya, Iban, and you can Penan anyone as well as live in Sarawak and Dusun and you may Murut people in both Sarawak and Sabah.
Brunei Darussalam is actually 2,226 square kilometers (5,763 rectangular kilometers), having a coastline of around a hundred kilometers (161 miles) into Southern area Asia Sea-coast regarding northwestern Borneo and you can together the new west beaches of the southernmost part of Brunei Bay. Brunei is completely surrounded by the fresh new Malaysian condition from Sarawak. New temperature is equatorial with high temperature, high dampness, and you can heavier rainfall, however, there is no distinct wet season. The nation is actually divided into about three contiguous administrative areas-Brunei-Muara, Tutong, and you can Belait-which have a 4th, Temburong, es of areas derive from its head rivers.
Approximately 75 % of the country is actually forested, whilst the exportation out of whole logs has been prohibited. The country is included having many mangrove, heath, peat swamp, blended dipterocarp, and you will montane forests. There are many streams, whoever wide valleys consist of all the nation’s agreements. The fresh new southern area part of Temburong is mountainous and you will sparsely populated.
Demography. New 1998 populace estimate are 323,600. Malays form on 67 per cent of one’s overall; Chinese, 15 %; almost every other indigenous individuals (Iban, Dayak, and you may Kelabit, all of the generally regarding Sarawak), 6 per cent, while some, a dozen %. Regarding late 1980s, 24,500 immigrants worked generally regarding the oil community. The population has grown more than 12-flex due to the fact earliest decade of one’s twentieth-century. New shipments out of population are Brunei-Muara, 66 %; Belait, 20 percent; Tutong, 11 per cent; and Temburong, step three per cent.
Linguistic Association. Malay ‘s the specialized maturequalitysingles vocabulary, however, English is commonly used inside business. The Brunei dialect out-of Malay has some unique lexical items and you can exclusive syntax. Malay is in the Western Malayo-Polynesian subgroup of your own Austronesian language members of the family, that also includes another dialects spoken inside Brunei. Certain Chinese dialects, English, and you will Philippine and you will mainland south Far eastern languages was verbal from the visitor specialists. Many people was multilingual.
Symbolism. Brand new national banner is actually a reddish field of two trapeziums having a light diagonal parallelogram stripe over a black colored diagonal parallelogram stripe, symbolizing the fresh offices of one’s first vizier (good Muslim authoritative), new Pengiran Bendahara, therefore the third vizier, the fresh Pengiran Pamancha. These people were the sole vizier workplaces occupied inside the 1906, when the very first United kingdom citizen used occupancy. The brand new banner is actually embellished on heart by condition crest during the
Records and you may Cultural Relations
Introduction of the nation. New roots of the nation are merely dimly known. Regional life style talk about a couple of ancient regional Bornean people heroes, and Hawang Halak Batatar, which accompanied Islam and you may became the original Muslim sultan from Brunei, Sultan Muhammad (reigned 1405–1415), with his sibling, Patih Barbai, exactly who turned the following sultan, Sultan Ahmad (reigned 1415–1425). These heroes offered rise on the Barunay nobles. Of a lot Barunay aristocrats trace their roots for the Pagar Uyung town of the Minangakabau highlands away from Sumatra. The next sultan, Sharif Ali (reigned 1425–1433), which age away from Arabia and is actually an effective descendant of one’s Prophet Muhammad, since was the pursuing the sultans.